During his time at the Hoover Institution, he wrote the major study Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development
(in three volumes), arguing that the West played a major role in
developing the Soviet Union from its very beginnings up until the
present time (1970).
Sutton argued that the Soviet Union's technological and manufacturing base — which was then engaged in supplying the Viet Cong — was built by United States corporations and largely funded by US taxpayers. Steel and iron plants, the GAZ automobile factory — a Ford
subsidiary, located in eastern Russia — and many other Soviet
industrial enterprises were built with the help or technical assistance
of the United States or US corporations.
He argued further that the
Soviet Union's acquisition of MIRV technology was made possible by receiving (from US sources) machining equipment for the manufacture of precision ball bearings, necessary to mass-produce MIRV-enabled missiles.